Hard starting or won't start:
- Check battery for loose terminals. Check terminal connections for loose or dirty
connections. Check negative ground connections. Check battery, if
battery is discharged, charge battery.
- Carburetor flooded
- wait 5 min. then hold gas pedal to floor and start, do not pump gas
- Choke plate stuck or set incorrectly.
- Faulty starter. Have coil resistance wire or coil resistor tested or replaced.
- Inspect, clean or replace spark plugs.
- Inspect fuel filter and fuel pump.
- If engine boils over: Turn off engine.
- Wait 15 - 20 mins. for engine to cool before opening the hood.
- Don't open radiator cap if steam is coming out.
- Check for leaks, burst hoses, broken drive belt or other faults.
- Start engine to see if fan is working. If blades
are not moving, turn off engine and replace fuse or bypass a faulty fan switch.
- If there are no obvious faults, carefully remove
radiator cap and top-up with water while the engine is running to
prevent engine manifold from cracking due to sudden change of
- Slowly pull-over to road shoulder.
- Put gear in reverse.
- Set hand / foot brake.
- Loosen nuts on wheel. Don't remove yet.
- Chock tire diagonally opposite the flat.
- Jack car until tire is clear of ground.
- Remove lug nuts and flat tire.
- Align holes in the spare with the studs and put on the spare tire.
- Tighten nuts in opposite sequence to ensure even stress distribution.
- Lower car. Remove jack and block.
- Tighten all nuts again in proper sequence.
- Have flat tire fixed or vulcanized.
Simple electrical problems:
Most electrical problems can be solved by first checking blown fuses
or tripped circuit breakers:
Replace blown fuses with correct ampere rating or reset breakers.
On emergencies where extra fuses are not available, you can bypass
fuses by using a small strand of electrical wire. Replace this with
correct fuse as soon as possible.
Excessive battery wear, causing frequent replacement:
Tighten or replace broken fan belt.
Check grounding connections.
Alternator overloaded / charging poorly.
Faulty wiring or ground connection.
Horn will not stop blowing:
Repair/replace horn switch/relay.
Faulty wiring or ground connection.
Lights or turn signals do not work:
Fuse blown or circuit breaker tripped - reset breaker or replace blown
Outlast Battery Delivery 725-9005
Police Assistance 117
Meralco 16210 / 16211
MMDA Metrobase 812-8495 / 8527
Traffic Operations Center 527-3087
National Disaster Operations Center 911-5061
Volunteer Fire Brigade 244-4141, 244-5151
Citizen's Anti-Crime Assistance Group 527-2327
While most vehicles should have as standard tools for changing a flat tire
plus a spare tire, motorists should invest in emergency equipment
because there's no telling what will happen down the road, especially
during those long drives.
Here are some of the emergency equipment that motorists should consider
Warning Device: Warning devices range from the popular reflectorized
triangle devices to strobe lights or lanterns powered by batteries.
Always choose battery-powered lights over those that have to be powered
by a vehicle's power system because the former can be placed farther
away from your vehicle.
Flashlight: Choose a big flashlight that uses large batteries. While
plastic flashlights are good, you can also consider those clad with
rubber that are waterproof.
Spares: Aside from bringing along a spare tire, and extra bulb and
batteries for your flashlight, also pack an assortment of fuses, light
bulbs, drive belts, sparkplugs, windshield wipers, coolant, washer
fluid, motor oil, water and fuel placed in a safe can.
If you are going on a long drive and not sure that your battery will
last, then by all means bring along a brand new battery. That's better
than scouting for a second hand or brand new battery in a place where
you don't know where the car shops are.
Quick Fix Materials: These include radiator leak sealants, duct tape to
seal various leaks and a mat if you have to do work under your car. A
can of silicon spray should very useful in drying wet wires and
terminals if the need arises.
Last but not least, bring electrical tape but get the heavy-duty cloth
variety that is more durable.
Clean-up Stuff: Waterless hand cleaner, clean rags, a can of carburettor
cleaner (for those with vehicles without fuel injection systems) and a
roll of thick tissue paper should always come in handy to clean up mess
For sure you don't want to grip the steering wheel with dirty hands
after changing a flat tire.
Tool Kit: Other tools which you should bring along are a Swiss Army
preferably the one with scissors, an eight-inch pliers with a wire
cutter, a needle nose pliers, a standard socket set, a multi-purpose
screwdriver that has interchangeable blades and an adjustable wrench.
Fire Extinguisher: Buy a fire extinguisher that can fit into your car's
compartment, and one that is not too small. Always replace your fire
extinguisher before its expiry date.
Electric air pump: An electric air pump will come in very handy when the
puncture on a flat tire is small.
With an electric air pump, you can inflate your vehicle's flat tire and
drive towards a safer place where you can seek assistance.
First Aid Kit: A first aid kit that has the basics to treat wounds like
alcohol, antiseptic, bandages and plaster is okay for motorists who do
not seek the outdoors.
However, for those who love the outdoors, a snake bite kit should always
be a necessity.
Jumper Cables: This should always be carried by owners of older
vehicles. Always choose jumper cables made from copper.
Other Items: Chocolate bars can give you a surge of energy to do such
chores like changing a flat tire. Biscuits can also come in handy if you
get stranded in a place where you hate the food, or where there is no
place to eat.
Extra cash should always be a must, as well as a mobile phone that has
wide coverage. Also bring along a spare battery for your mobile phone.
While buying all the items mentioned are not cheap if taken altogether,
it is worth noting that many motorists spend too much money on
unnecessary car accessories only to find out that during an emergency
that they should have bought the items that really count.